Dengue began to rise again in Pakistan
Dengue is mosquito biting viral infection which is mostly happening in tropical and subtropical areas. Dengue have four type of stages Denv-1, Denv-2, Denv-3, and Denv-4, all belong to Flaviviridae family. Dengue transfer through mosquito bite of the infected female Aedes Aegypti or Aedes Albopictus mosquito, which happen to be infected by biting a person already suffering from dengue virus. Pakistan is facing severe problem of dengue, in 1994 first case of dengue was reported however the cases rapidly increase in the year of 2005. From 2010 Pakistan have increasing numbers of dengue fever which in result killing many people annually. As years are passing by thousands of numbers have been recorded for intense in 2020 approximately 47,120 cases have been confirmed so far which including 75 number of deaths due to dengue fever. Numbers is increasing day by day in 2021 48,906 cases of dengue including 183 deaths have been recorded which includes more killing. Due to Pakistan ill-fate, country is facing with endemic of dengue every year in the season of monsoon, effecting almost every provinces of Pakistan.
The uncontrollable speed of spreading of dengue infection is happening due to irregular monsoon rains and changing of climate temperature. The mosquito’s most likely lives in the areas of standing water, garbage disposal, overcrowded cities, unhygienic environment and so many examples of causes. About the symptoms of dengue fever are most likely flu, pyrexia, pain in the eyes, circulatory shock syndrome hemorrhagic fever of dengue, thrombocytopenia, nausea and vomiting, red eyes, sore throat, rash aching in joints and bones, and heme-concentration. World health organization (WHO) has reported the dengue has been reported mostly in the South Asia. Pakistan is one of the effected country because of its unhealthy food, pollution and unhygienic environment.
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More patients are testing positive for dengue infection every day across the nation, according to DAWN news. Punjab had recorded 24,146 cases since January as of November 25, 2021, with Lahore being the most severely hit. In a similar vein, Sindh recorded 5,548 instances, ICT, which is managed by the federal government, reported 5,261 cases, Balochistan confirmed 2054 cases, and AJK confirmed 1674 cases. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa confirmed 10,223 cases. The situation would worsen if prompt preventive action is not taken, particularly in Punjab.
In comparison to chilly regions of the world where dengue sickness, brought through the DENV, is already prevalent, the tropical zone of the planet is more affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. In locations where epidemics overlap, doctors ought to be aware of the risk of dengue and COVID-19 co – infection as well as a possibly harmful interplay amongst them. From January 3 to January 28, 2022, Pakistan saw 1,393,887 cases reported of COVID-19, with 29,162 deaths.
Dr. Sajjad Mehmood, District Coordinator for Epidemic Prevention and Control, said the number of dengue cases has been increasing since the monsoon season has started while healthcare management and the government are making arrangements to control the situation. In the meantime, Marzia Saleem, the Additional Deputy Commissioner (ADC) Headquarter, gave instructions to the pertinent authorities at a meeting to assess dengue procedures to file FIRs against owners of commercial buildings if dengue larvae were discovered on their property.
The main problem is that Pakistan’s health sector lacks the resources and ability to undertake research to create vaccines that are effective at protecting the population’s most vulnerable members. A tetravalent dengue vaccine developed by Sanofi-Pasteur has been approved for medical use in a variety of endemic areas, although its efficacy in the general populace has been questioned. Reducing the symptoms that arise during infection is how the therapy is produced.
Prevention and control of dengue infection
- Avoid dengue infection by avoiding mosquito bites.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Use insect repellent.
- Throw your garbage out every day.
- Avoid water standing.
- Always clean water tubs, tires, birdbaths, flowerpots, and trash containers because mosquitoes mostly lay eggs near water.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Using of mosquitoes nets.
- Avoiding being outside at dawn or evening.